Suitable Woods For Furniture and Its Pros And Cons
Not only is it used as one of the main foundations of buildings, but wood is also a popular material used in making furniture. This is because there are so many types of wood with different textures and characteristics in each type of wood and produce a variety of products.
Not only does it have good durability, but wood is also suitable when combined in various home concepts. But before starting to buy wood furniture, it is a clever idea to find a type of wood that is suitable for furniture and following the theme of the house complete with the advantages and disadvantages of each type of wood.
Types of Wood for Furniture
Residential interior and wood are two things that cannot be separated. By using furniture made of wood, you will get elegant and luxurious home decor. Here are some types of wood that are commonly used to make furniture as additional information for you.
The first immensely popular types of wood used to make furniture are teak or Tectona grandis in scientific language. This teak wood has a yellowish-brown colour and is mostly found in Sulawesi and Java. Although teak wood is also found in Kalimantan and Sumatra, the growth of teak wood is not optimal because the soil content on these two islands has high acidity.
In the furniture industry, it can be said that teak wood is very popular and has become a premium type of wood. However, it takes several decades to be able to use teak wood, and then it can be used as furniture. The age factor is one thing that affects the high price of teak, coupled with the supply and demand factor, many are looking for it but the stock is very limited.
When compared to other types of wood, teak wood is much more durable because there is a lot of natural oil content in teak. However, due to the large amount of natural oil in teak wood, this type of wood is not suitable for solid finishing with bright colours such as green, red, white, and so on.
This is because natural oils will come out of the wood and cause yellowish stains on the furniture. Meanwhile, dark solid colours like brown or black can still be used, but you still have to pay attention to the details, so you don't disturb the beauty of the furniture.
This wood is very suitable to be used for diverse types of furniture, but the type of finishing must be considered carefully. It would be better if the finishing used uses natural colours so that there are no stains and displays natural colours and strokes of fibres that are both beautiful and natural and this is what furniture lovers are looking for.
The fiber from teak wood is an added value and can provide its satisfaction. Teak wood is also a type of hardwood so that it is not easily damaged when formed or so.
Pros of Teak Wood
- Much more durable than other types of wood.
- Resistant when hit, shaken, and so on.
- Have incredibly beautiful and prominent fiber streaks.
Cons of Teak Wood
- The price is more expensive when compared to other woods.
- It is not correct to wear a solid finish with a light colour.
Types of Teak Wood
For the type of teak wood itself, it is divided into several levels or quality levels such as grade A, grade B and Grade C. The following is a complete explanation:
- Grade A Teak Wood
Grade A teak wood has the most premium or super-premium quality. This teak wood is taken from Perhutani Timber Processing Plant and has a diameter of more than 30 cm. The advantage of this teak wood is that it does not have stripes because the edges of the wood are not used and there are very few defects such as knots.
Perhutani supervised the growth of this teak wood so that the nutrition was very well preserved, and, in the end, it could produce an excellent quality product. For its most important feature is to have much tighter wood fibres. In addition, it is of course incredibly old because there is a minimum standard for when the teak wood can and can be cut.
For the price itself, it is certainly expensive because the quality is also the most premium. Grade A teak wood is very suitable for making reliefs. In making relief, it cannot be done carelessly with teak wood because usually, the relief does not use any finishing.
- Grade B Teak Wood
Grade B teak is teak of superior quality and is included in the category of village teak with a diameter of 25 to 35 cm with edges that do not incorporated in the production process or are thrown away. Because the edges of the wood are not used, the wood is also less striped, and the grain results are more regular. The price is still said to be expensive when compared to grade C.
- Grade C Teak Wood
Grade C teak is also included in village teak because it usually grows on people's land. The diameter is between 17 and 25 cm and the edges of the wood are also used when producing furniture. For this reason, there will be stripes of the furniture in white. Also, the fiber is not uniform because the edges of the wood are still used.
The next type of wood that is usually made into furniture is mahogany, especially for typical Jepara furniture. Mahogany wood is preferred by foreign consumers, especially in Europe. For this reason, mahogany furniture made by craftsmen is generally used as an export product.
Mahogany wood is wood with finer fibres when compared to teak wood. Also, the pores of mahogany are smaller so that they can produce fine pores. Meanwhile, the colour of mahogany is a little reddish on the inside, and on the outside, it has a dark brown colour. For the price of mahogany with the same diameter as teak, it is much cheaper than teak.
Pros of Mahogany Wood
- The price is cheaper than teak.
- Very proper to wear a solid colour finish.
- The character of mahogany is much lighter.
Cons of Mahogany Wood
- Mahogany wood fibres are not as strong as teak wood fibres.
- More susceptible to pests if the handling at the beginning of production is not good.
The third type of wood that is commonly used to make furniture or furniture is trembesi wood, meh or commonly known as suar. This type of wood can live in natural conditions with minimal water and is usually used as a shade for roads with faster growth than other trees.
For this reason, the size of trembesi wood is not as big as teak. The streaks of fibres from trembesi wood are as good as teak wood because they are regular and also stand out. That way, the appearance of furniture made of trembesi wood also looks very elegant and can withstand extreme weather.
Pros of Trembesi Wood
- Has good wood fiber, almost like teak wood.
- Can be used to make large furniture.
- Can be used to make large sculptures.
Cons of Trembesi Wood
- Easier to break.
- Not a strong wood when compared to teak wood.
- More susceptible to pests.
- Cannot be used to make outdoor furniture.
Dutch Pine or Teak Wood
The price of pinewood is cheaper when compared to real teak wood, but it has good fiber and stands out clearly so it is good for furniture. Meanwhile, for finishing, you should use natural colours and not solid ones. For durability, pine wood is also quite durable because there is a natural oil content in it that pests do not like.
However, pinewood is not too strong because it is softwood, so it is easy to bend or break easily. For this reason, if pine wood is used for small furniture, it can be at risk of breaking because of its high oil content. This also affects the finishing and production processes. The finishing colour and glue cannot stick optimally because of the oil. To solve this problem, pinewood must be completely dry.
Pros of Pinewood
- Has good and prominent fiber.
- The price is much cheaper than teak.
Cons of Pinewood
- Not too strong.
- Has a high natural oil content.
Sungkai wood is also often used as a material for making furniture. Sungkai wood is used for building materials such as doors, windows, and roof truss construction. This wood is also commonly used as a veneer, which is wood that is peeled and made into wood sheets so that it can help the finishing process be better and more even.
Sungkai wood has a light colour but the edges are lighter in colour. The surface is rough, so it is not as smooth as mahogany or teak, even though it has been sanded. While the fiber is good with a strong character so that it can be used for furniture with natural colours. The price of sungkai wood is much cheaper than mahogany or teak. However, sungkai wood should not be used for outdoor furniture because it does not withstand rain and sunlight.
Pros of Sungkai Wood
- The price is cheaper when compared to mahogany and teak wood.
- It is more proper to use finishing with natural colours.
Cons of Sungkai Wood
- Not suitable for a solid colour finish.
- Not suitable for outdoor or outdoor furniture.
- Not too strong compared to mahogany and teak wood will still be stronger than pine wood.
- The wood surface is rougher.
The last type of wood that is commonly used to make furniture is Mindi wood. This wood is commonly used for Jepara furniture with a hard character, although it is not the same as mahogany or teak wood, so it is more easily broken. To fix this, when this wood is to be used, it must be completely dry.
The fiber in Mindi wood is perfect and in terms of price, it is the same as mahogany. However, this wood is not too hard like teak, so it is more susceptible to pests, so it is better to soak it first using an anti-pest medication.
Pros of Mindi Wood
- Appropriate to use for minimalist furniture and natural colours.
- Has good wood fiber.
Cons of Mindi Wood
- Not suitable for outdoor furniture.
- Not suitable to a solid colour finish.
- More susceptible to pests.
- More prone to breaking.